testing of tree roots is an increasingly popular technique for identifying plant species

DNA testing of tree roots is an increasingly popular technique for identifying plant species. There are many different methods that use DNA to determine the species of a tree. These methods range from microscopy to DNA tests. Traditional methods of identifying a tree’s root include microscopic identification, and more recent cellular and molecular techniques may be a better alternative.


XyloTron DNA tree testing technology provides scientists with a unique tool to identify the species of a tree. It is crucial for the fight against illegal timber trafficking. In Ghana, for example, endangered tree species are routinely harvested and passed off as common wood. In fact, 90 percent of the commercial timber in Ghana comes from just 10-12 species.

The technology has numerous advantages for users and researchers. It will facilitate identification by wood experts and complement wood expert identifications. It can also help law enforcement authorities detect illegal timber and prevent the spread of invasive species. Many people around the world rely on the natural resources found in forests, including water filtration, carbon sequestration, and habitat for diverse species.


The JC A DNA testing tree root service enables the identification of a tree’s root material to a species level. This will reduce the costs to insurers and allow the removal of a tree if it is deemed invasive. The service will use simple sequence repeat markers to determine the species of tree.

Accurate identification of tree roots is essential for litigation over alleged damage. Tree roots conduct water and can cause the clays beneath to shrink and dry out, damaging pipes. Traditional methods of root identification involve analysing root material under a high-powered microscope and comparing the results with tree root testing a root anatomy manual.

Traditional methods of root identification

Traditional methods of tree root identification often involve examining the cell structure of the roots under a high-powered microscope. However, this method can be difficult to apply to active tree roots. Active roots can conduct water, cause clays to shrink or dry out, or damage pipes and other structures. In these cases, accurate identification is essential for determining the source of the damage.

Molecular techniques are available to identify the species, including Sanger sequencing. However, they require a large number of samples that cannot be easily obtained in situ. Molecular markers and chemotaxonomic methods are also available. These methods allow the characterization of individual root systems and differentiation of species, functional groups, and plant taxa. Furthermore, IR spectroscopy can be used to quantify the biomass of individual roots without the need for manual sorting.

Molecular techniques

Tree root identification is a crucial aspect of litigation, but is difficult to achieve by conventional means. Active tree roots conduct water and can cause damage to pipes. Existing techniques rely on microscopy and comparison with a root anatomy manual. However, ISSR technology can help to accurately identify tree roots.

Tree root DNA amplification can be performed using two different methods. For pine and birch trees, optimized amplification conditions are 95 degC for 30 s, and 55 degC for 34 s. Both techniques can detect multiple species of tree roots.

Isotope ratios

In order to determine the identity of a tree, scientists analyze its DNA and its oxygen and hydrogen-stable isotope ratios. Using these methods, researchers can identify a tree’s root system. For this purpose, tree root samples are excavated. These methods may be destructive, but the results can help researchers identify a tree.

The method relies on the accurate mapping of isotope ratios in plant tissues. This mapping requires reference samples collected carefully. The tree’s annual rings and geographic factors can affect the isotope ratio. As such, tree-rhizome samples should be carefully collected to ensure accurate results.